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Top sights in Krakow
With the world distracted by war, the Nazis brutally reshaped the demographics of Europe in the south of Poland. The harrowing truth wasn't revealed until far too late, but here are a few of the many things you'll learn on your tour of Auschwitz-Birkenau.
Auschwitz-Birkenau – or Auschwitz II – was used as a death camp from 1942, primarily for Jews. Auschwitz I had already been holding Polish political prisoners for two years.
There was a third camp too. Monowitz – or Auschwitz III – was set up to provide slave labor for IG Farben. The Allies dissolved the chemical company the war.
90% were Jews, but thousands of Poles, Romani, Soviets, Jehovah's Witnesses, and homosexuals also died at Auschwitz. As did prisoners from other nationalities.
Not even most Germans knew what was happening at the camps. Arrivals were met with the slogan "Work sets you free." In hindsight it's hard to say how convincing that actually was.
Disguised as a farmer in Gottrupel, Rudolf Höss evaded capture for a year after the war. In spite of his expressed remorsed, he was hung outside the camp's crematorium in 1947.
The Auschwitz-Birkenau museum is open daily from 8am except for January 1st, December 25th, and Easter Sunday. It closes at 3pm from December to February, 4pm in March and November, 5pm in April and October, 6pm in May and September, and 7pm from June to August. The site can be accessed for free but it is advisable to take a tour. If you decide to do so, book your tickets in advance. The best ones fill up very quickly!
The easiest way is simply to book an all-in-one tour that leaves from the city. Alternatively, inexpensive buses frequently leave from the basement floor of Krakow's main bus station. You can also take a train to the nearby town of Oświęcim.
Krakow is a wonderful city with a great deal of attraction to please tourists. Though Auschwitz may be an essential part of your trip, it can be emotionally overwhelming. We recommend that you leave it till last.
- When should I visit?
Hours vary based on time of year:
7:30 AM-2:00 PM, December
7:30 AM-3:00 PM, January, November
7:30 AM-4:00 PM, February
7:30 AM-5:00 PM, March, October
7:30 AM-6:00 PM, April, May, September
7:30 AM-7:00 PM, June, July, August
Holiday hours may vary
- Is it expensive?
- Basic entrance is free, but it is highly recommended take a tour which will have a cost depending on which one you choose.
- Will I need a guide?
- It's not required but highly recommended. Best to book in advance online!
- How to get there
- There are direct buses from Krakow. Alternatively, take the train to Oświęcim and then hop on local bus to the site.
- Additional information
- Not recommended for children under 14.
What people are saying about Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau
Its was perfect from the side of the Get your guide booking. its really worth it for a 24 euro if you conoare to other tours which is 50 euros. but when it comes to the guide in auschwitz i could say No. the English tour guide that we had in Auschwitz is not really understandable. Sorry but she memorized the story thats why when she forgot something she eat her words. so it really help someone if he or she already watched or know already some parts of the Auschwitz history so that when you put to a tour guide that you dont understand its okay. Sorry that it my opinion just need to be honest.
Although my departure time was changed, the tour was excellent. Transport at the scheduled time without confusion and an excellent guide. However, there could be a longer lunch break between Auschwitz and Birkenau for lunch and some points the guide passed too quickly, it would be nice to have more time to absorb and look at things.
Overall it was a good thing to have a guide, who provided information that one wouldn't have otherwise. I did feel, however, that the tour was rather rushed at times, though I appreciate that there is a lot to get through in a relatively short space of time.
Traveling to the camp and return was very comfortable. The guide was excellent and extremely knowledgeable. The experience is heartbreaking when you see what the nazis did without a second thought, but I'm glad that I went so that I can tell others about it.
It was on time and comfortable. The driver was extremely friendly and spoke great English. He got us there safely and gave us enough time to visit both camps. It was quick and enjoyable and still allow me enough time to see the city during the day.